Osteoporosis is diagnosed using bone mineral density (BMD) testing. There are a number of different types of BMD tests that can be used. These tests typically involve taking specialized X-rays of your spine, pelvis, hips, or limbs in order to measure your bone density.
Based on the data collected from BMD testing, the team determines the density of your bones and how mild or severe your osteoporosis is. With this information, they can educate you about treatment options to manage your condition.